The Cannabis ‘Cheat Sheet’: What is legal and where
|wdt_ID||Province/ Territory||Minimum age||Where it can be purchased||Prohibited spaces||Cannabis in the workplace||For more info|
|1||Alberta||18+||Privately-run retail stores, government-operated online sales||Wherever tobacco use is prohibited ||Under existing Occupation Health and Safety legislation, the employer has an obligation to protect the health and safety of all workers on their work site. In turn, workers must safeguard their health and safety, and the health and safety of others around them.Alberta has indicated the possibility of additional or updated legislation, training or education programs on cannabis in the workplace post-legalization.|
|2||British Columbia||19+||All supply and distribution managed by BC Liquor Distribution Branch to private and government retail stores. Government run online sales.||Wherever tobacco use is prohibited||Workplace impairment is currently prohibited under the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation. B.C. employers are encouraged to develop clear impairment policies that take a fitness-to-work test approach to workplace impairment.|
WorkSafe BC has developed a primer on preparing for cannabis legalization in the workforce.
Government cannabis information site
BC Liquor Distribution Branch cannabis update page
|3||Manitoba||19+||All supply and distribution managed by the provincial government. Privately run retail stores and online sales.||Cannabis use is prohibited in public spaces, including: restaurant patios, in stadiums or outdoor entertainment venues, near wading pools, splash pads and water parks, near playgrounds, on beaches, or within bus shacks or similar public structures.||Under the Workplace Safety and Health Act, employers must take necessary precautions to ensure the safety, health and welfare of workers, and to provide and maintain a safe workplace. |
SafeWork Manitoba has developed a primer on impairment in the workplace
|Manitoba Cannabis Retail Framework|
|4||New Brunswick||19+||Government operated retail stores, government operated online sales||Recreational cannabis use is prohibited in public spaces.||Under the Workplace Health and Safety Act, employers shall take every reasonable precaution to ensure the health and safety of employees, and employees must act so they do not endanger themselves or other people in the workplace.|| Cannabis in New Brunswick|
Cannabis and the workplace: Are you ready?
New Brunswick: Legislation concerning cannabis control and drug-impaired driving
|5||Newfoundland||19+||Privately run retail stores, government operated online sales, with prices for all cannabis set by government.||Recreational cannabis use is prohibited in public spaces.||Under the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, an employer, supervisor or worker shall not enter or remain on the premises of a workplace or at a job site while his or her ability to perform work responsibilities is impaired by intoxicating substances or another cause that endangers his or her health or safety or that of other workers.|| Cannabis in the Workplace|
Cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador: Provincial Government Releases First Details on Cannabis Legalization in Newfoundland and Labrador
|7||Nova Scotia||19+||Government operated retail stores (inside current liquor stores) and online sales||Wherever tobacco use is prohibited, as well as:||Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, employers are responsible for ensuring the health and safety of everyone at or near the workplace. |
A primer on cannabis impairment in the workplace is available here.
|Nova Scotia: Be in the know about legal cannabis in Nova Scotia|
|9||Ontario||19+||Government operated online sales and privately operated retail stores. Thirteen retail stores currently open with twenty five authorized and a second lottery in late 2019.77 municipalities have opted out of allowing cannabis stores.||Wherever tobacco use is prohibited.All methods of consuming cannabis would be prohibited in vehicles and boats that are being driven or under a person’s care or control, subject to certain exceptions that would be prescribed by regulation – e.g. use of medical cannabis edibles by a passenger who is a medical cannabis user.||Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, employers must take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker||Ontario Government: Cannabis legalization|
|10||Prince Edward Island||19+||Government run retail stores and online sales||Recreational cannabis use is prohibited in public spaces.||Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, an employer shall ensure that every reasonable precaution is taken to protect the occupational health and safety of persons at or near the workplace|| PEI: Just the Facts’|
Government of Prince Edward Island: Province announces framework for cannabis legalization
|11||Quebec||18+ (Note: If Bill 2 is passed, the age will rise to 21.)||Government run retail stores and online sales. All rights to sell cannabis, edibles and any paraphernalia (t-shirts, lighter, pipe,etc.) that shows a leaf the word cannabis, pot or 420 also reside with the SQDC.||An Act to tighten the regulation of cannabis is currently under debate.||Under the Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, every employer must take the necessary measures to protect the health and ensure the safety and physical well-being of his worker|| Government of Québec: |
Regulating cannabis in Québec
*Please note that although the information posted here is reflective of the current rules around cannabis in Quebec, the recently elected CAQ has announced its intention for Quebec to adopt a much more restrictive framework in the near future.
|12||Saskatchewan||19+||Privately run retail stores, online sales||Recreational cannabis use is prohibited in public spaces.||Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, every employer shall ensure, insofar as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all of the employer’s workers |
The Government of Saskatchewan is considering legislative changes to The Saskatchewan Employment Act and The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996 to more specifically include cannabis.
|Government of Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan’s Cannabis Framework|
|Province/ Territory||Minimum age||Where it can be purchased||Prohibited spaces||Cannabis in the workplace||For more info|
Recreational cannabis became legal across Canada on October 17th, 2018. While many rules are still in development, we thought it would be helpful to provide you with a snapshot view for each province and territory as they currently stand. RCC will continue to engage with provincial and territorial governments across the country as they refine regulations post-legalization, and will ultimately develop a guidebook on cannabis.
Note that there is further regulation required from the federal government on edibles, which is expected in 2019. Until this time, edible marijuana products are not legalized. Once regulation on edibles is available, provinces will have the opportunity to pass their own legislation on edibles to complement federal rules. The federal government has indicated that edible products and concentrates will be authorized no later than October 2019, one year after the Cannabis Act comes into force.
Medical marijuana production, sale and use will continue to be regulated solely by the federal government; recreational legalization will not impact current laws for medical marijuana, but may impact unlicensed dispensaries, that will either be forced to shut down or required to go through a licensing process as recreational marijuana distributors.
If you have any questions or concerns, please don’t hesitate to contact: Karl Littler, Senior Vice President, Public Affairs at: firstname.lastname@example.org or 416-467-3783.